Turin is the city of Kings. Capital of the Duchy of Savoy in 1500, capital of the Kingdom of Sardinia in 1700 and the first capital of the Kingdom of Italy in 1861, it still has a royal charm as a few other Italian cities have. Just by reaching the very central Piazza Castello, the hub where the three main roads wind up, one is catapulted 200 years back in time and contaminated by the sophistication of the Royal Palace, its gardens, the Library, the Armoury, the Savoy Gallery, the Archaeological Museum, the Chiablese Palace, the Palazzo Madama and the Royal Theater.
The House of Savoy is one of the oldest royal families in the world, being founded in 1003 in the historical Savoy region, shared between the modern countries of France, Italy, and Switzerland. Through gradual expansion, the family grew from ruling a small county to the attainment of the rank
of king (of Sicily) in 1713, leading the unification of Italy in 1861 and ruling the Kingdom of Italy from 1861 until 1946. The Savoyard kings of Italy were Victor Emmanuel II, Umberto I, Victor Emmanuel III and Umberto II. The last monarch ruled for a few weeks before being deposed following the Constitutional Referendum of 1946, after which the Italian Republic was proclaimed.
The timeless spirit of ecxellence, that have always represented the very essence of the Italian nobility, pervades every part of this city, from the off- scale buildings to the smallest hidden corners.
For centuries, the cult of beauty has been handed down from generation to generation: it is the story of a unique heritage, a combination of experience, ingenuity and passion.